Anthill Python Caresheet


Background Information
The Anthill Python (also known as the pygmy python) is the smallest python in the world. Reaching only 2 – 2 ½ feet in length, this Australian species is found in the Pilbara region to the west of the country. Being a brick red coloured snake with spots enables this species to blend in well with the desert colorations. An overall docile nature makes the Anthill Python a good alternative starter python due to its smaller size and the fact they don’t get as “fat” as other python breeds.

Level of Experience



Desert regions, arid rocky hill areas

Life Span

20 years

Active Time of Day


Natural Prey


Terrestrial / Semi Arboreal / Arboreal / Aquatic / Fossorial

Semi Arboreal


Mate: Winter
Lay: Spring

Clutch Size

2 - 10

Breeding Weights / Length / Age

Males: 100g+ / 2ft / 2 years of age
Females: 200g+ / 2ft / 2 years of age

Brumation Time

2 months

Brumation Temperature

15 – 18 ‘C

Incubation Time

45 - 55 days

Incubation Temperature

31 – 32 ’C


Captive Requirements and Welfare
Like other species of python, Anthills don’t need a huge enclosure, but being a semi arboreal species their habitat needs height as well as floor space. Due to a wider variety of glass vivariums that provide good height to ground space it would probably be a better choice than a wooden vivarium. Pythons in general like a smaller enclosure so they feel more secure, therefore it is important to bear this in mind when purchasing your enclosure to prevent your snake from getting stressed.

Vivarium size

30x30x30cm for hatchling
1.5ft x 1.5ft x 1.5ft for adult

Daytime Temperature (cool – warm)

26 – 32 ‘C

Night-time Temperature

20 – 24 ‘C

Heating / Lighting Equipment (on timer)

Spot bulb during day, heat mat at night

Lighting - T8 2% Natural sun Arcadia UV tube


Most Natural: lucky rep desert bedding
Alternatives: Aspen


2 at minimum: one on each side a 3rd moss hide during shedding would be beneficial


Branches and fake plants allow the opportunity to climb and aids in shedding


Fresh water topped up when needed clean out water bowl every few days to prevent slime build up

Food (Feeding)

Pinkies for hatchlings then increase the size as they grow. Always take the snake out and feed in a separate box to prevent substrate being eaten.


Spot pick weekly, full clean monthly