Rhino Rat Snake Caresheet

 

Background Information
Rhino Rat Snakes are a stunning colubrid species native to the tropical rainforests of Vietnam and China, usually found at elevations of 1000m above sea level in river valleys and streams. Rarely exceeding 5ft in length this constricting species as a hatchling starts off SILVER and then changes into a bright green coloration, occurring at around 18 months of age onwards. If the colour of this species isn’t impressive enough, as the name suggests they have a horn on the tip of their snouts. The reason for this, however, is still unknown, we believe it is a camoflage feature, blending into the colouration and shape of leaves in the trees, aiding its ambusing techniques when hunting.

Level of Experience

Intermediate

Habitat

Tropical Rainforest

Life Span

15 years could reach up to 20

Active Time of Day

Crepuscular

Natural Prey

Rodents, lizards

Terrestrial / Semi Arboreal / Arboreal / Aquatic / Fossorial

Arboreal

Reproduction

Mate: Spring
Lay: Summer

Clutch Size

7 - 16

Breeding Weights / Length / Age

Males: 160g+ / 3ft / 2 years of age
Females: 300g+ / 3ft / 3 years of age

Brumation Time

2 months

Brumation Temperature

12 – 15 ‘C

Incubation Time

55 - 63 days

Incubation Temperature

29 – 30 ’C

There are no colour variations, however some adults stay metallic silver instead of changing into their green phase during maturity – this is a rare occurrence.

 
Captive Requirements and Welfare
Rhino Rat snakes should have plenty of height as they are an arboreal species. Some people say that this species needs a humidity level of 60 - 75%. However they have been kept in drier conditions with no problems at all. They’ll just soak in their water bowl to cool but in general stay up high in the trees and foliage. Glass or wooden vivariums would be suitable for this species. RUB’s are not an option due to the arboreal nature of this species. Hatchlings should be feeding consistently before being purchased as they are very troublesome to get started. Always make sure that the Rhino you purchase is feeding well. They also may be a tad shy when young but regular handling will tame them down to being quite placid. Care must be noted when handling Rhinos of any age as their horns are fragile.

Vivarium size

20x20x30cm for hatchling
3ft x .15ft x 2ft for adult

Daytime Temperature (cool – warm)

23 – 30 ‘C

Night-time Temperature

20 – 22 ‘C

Heating / Lighting Equipment (on timer)

Spot bulb during day, room temperature at night

T8 2% Natural sun Arcadia UV tube

Substrate

Most Natural: Orchid Bark
Alternatives: Not Advised

Hides

2 at min: one on each side to allow for thermoregulation although they tend to stay up high

Decor

Branches and fake plants allow the opportunity to climb and aids in shedding

Water

Fresh water topped up when needed clean out water bowl every few days to prevent slime build up.

Food (Feeding)

Hatchlings often need assist feeding but once feeding they’re good eaters. Then increase the size appropriately. Always place in a separate box for feeding to avoid substrate ingestion.  

Cleaning

Spot pick weekly, full clean monthly